Chinese Revolution quiz #6
irobot-roomba.info 1/ Name: Class: . Five Relationships d) the end of communist leadership of Mao. Zedong d) foreign policy under. Deng Xiaoping. One way Hitler Youth of. How did Mao Zedong's beliefs about communism deviate from the Following Mao's death, Deng Xiaoping instituted a number of changes to the . Which of the following best describes China's current relationship with the United States?. Mao's efforts to regain his dominant place in policy making Mao Zedong; Liu Shaoqi; Deng Xiaoping Understand the scope of the cultural revolution's goals; Describe the movement's impact on relationships and social interaction; List.
A true revolutionary, he gained popular support by obliterating the 'landlord' class who for centuries had kept rural workers in their thrall. He initiated immense construction projects to make good the lack of a modern industrial and transport infrastructure. As the over ambitious reforms could not be managed effectively some did more harm than good and millions died as a result. Initially industrial and technological know-how came from China's Communist ally: All technical support was withdrawn and China became an isolated country with very limited contact with foreign nations.
After initial Russian technical assistance, China went on to develop its own atomic bomb in Teacup media audio podcast by Laszlo Montgomery.
By re-invigorating revolution among the students, workers and peasants he halted the re-establishment of pre-revolutionary systems. China, no longer concerned with global affairs gradually built modern infrastructure as the necessary first step to future development. He stepped down as leader inafter the setbacks of the Great Leap Forward but in he launched himself back to power with the Cultural Revolution.
He saw the party cadres living a comfortable life on the back of the workers and sending their children to top schools risking the formation of a new educated elite. We should read Marxist books, but not too many of them either.
Deng, Deng Don’t Tell Me: A Chinese Political Quotes Quiz
It will be enough to read a dozen or so. In March he set the tone for the period of turmoil that was to follow: We must overthrow the palace of the King of Hell and set the little devils free. I have always advocated that whenever the central organs do bad things, it is necessary to call upon the people to rebel, and to attack the center. Communities must produce many Monkey Kings to create a great disturbance in the palace of the King of Heaven His aim was to re-invigorate the revolution by turning the class system on its head again but it went on far longer than a normal 'rectification' campaign.
Managers and party officials had already, in his view, become out of touch with the people that they should serve. Although he stepped back from day to day running of the government, every word he said was carefully scrutinized and slavishly followed. Bilateral trade agreements with Japan were signed in China was no longer seen as part of the Communist world dominated by Russia, indeed China was a counterbalance to ambitions of the Soviet Union.
With Mao turning eighty in the issue of succession became a toxic concern. It was Hua Guofeng who emerged as the unlikely preferred candidate - a compromise between the two factions.
He was no saint but no monster either.
The period of isolation in the s and s enabled Mao to control and thoroughly reform the country without outside influence. Maintaining the unity of China as a nation is his most important achievement, building a New China in the form of a modern nation state. His name must go down with the great reforming leaders of China including Qin Shihuangdithe brutal first Qin Emperor of China. However, many feel a more accurate parallel is with the rebellious Monkey King who stormed the Heavenly Palace.
To quote Mao in Why don't we all learn from him? His anti-dogmatism dared him to do whatever he liked A victim of Mao's crawl back to power Liu died in poor conditions after imprisonment on trumped up charges after being Chairman effectively President of China for nine years.
A native, like Mao, of Hunan province Liu Shaoqi studied at Moscow in when Russia was still full of revolutionary fervor. In aged 22 he returned to China and immediately set about stirring up revolution. By he was Communist party secretary for the whole of the province of Fujian. In the Civil Warhe joined the Long March as far as Zunyi and then moved on to organize resistance in urban centers.
In he joined Mao at Yan'an and became the chief military commander in northern China at the end of the War with Japan.
He married five times and had eight children; one son, Liu Yang became an army general. In Mao Zedong stepped aside for his chosen successor Liu who then became Chairman until Liu together with Deng Xiaoping criticized the Great Leap Forward in and further criticism of Mao's harsh policies followed.
For a while Mao and Liu contended for power, Mao had, significantly, retained the important post as head of Military. It was the unleashing of Mao's Cultural Revolution that precipitated to Liu's rapid downfall. Liu was arrested as the number one 'capitalist roader' in He was regularly beaten and denied his medication and died in in utter squalor in Kaifeng.
Deng, Deng Don’t Tell Me: A Chinese Political Quotes Quiz - China Real Time Report - WSJ
His death and burial was kept secret for ten years. Deng Xiaoping on assuming power in soon reversed the status of Liu, praising him as a hard-working and true hero of the Communist revolution. His family served as local government officials. He was adopted by his uncle and brought up by his aunt on the uncle's death. When she in turn died Zhou Enlai was only ten years old, he moved back home briefly before moving to live with another uncle who was working as an official at Shenyang, Liaoning and then Tianjin.
His school was a modern one, teaching science and English and Zhou did well. With school support he moved to Japan in for two years, but he failed to get a place at a Japanese university. On his return to Nankai school which by then had become a University his studies turned more to politics and the exciting developments in Russia.
His communist activities got him expelled and he decided to leave for Europe on 7 November to learn more of the social upheavals taking place there. He married Deng Yingchao inthey remained childless but adopted several children orphaned in the troubles that were to follow, including Li Peng who later became Premier of China Nearly killed by the Nationalists when the Communist-Nationalist alliance broke into armed conflict, Zhou fled to Moscow.
He returned in to mount a communist underground movement.
China built up a pre-eminent nation, with the greatest wealth, population and foreign trade. However by its end Europe had begun to make inroads in many areas and so marked a transition in world power. Read more… Zhou's skills were chiefly in negotiation and diplomacy.
- Leaders of the People's Republic of China
- Primary Menu
- Country Quiz
When the communists kidnapped Chiang Kaishek in it was Zhou that negotiated a united front with the Nationalists rather than bowing to hard-line pressure to have him killed. He tried to maintain friendly relations with the Nationalists based at Chongqing.
Chinese Leaders to the present day
When he gave up and moved to Mao's base at Yan'an he had to apologize for his supposed past mistakes in dealing with Chiang. He took part in negotiations with the Nationalists after the fall of Japan at Nanjing but ultimately Civil War could not be averted. The Great Leap Forward with its disastrous outcome has to be pinned on Zhou as a major architect. In the Cultural Revolution he tried to defend Liu Shaoqi from Mao's harsh treatment but failed, rather than risk expulsion and death, Zhou again followed the Mao line.
Mao's support turned from him to Lin Biaoand it was only after the still mysterious death of Lin Biao in that Zhou's power grew again. He tried to ease the worst excesses of the Cultural Revolution and this led to disputes with Mao up until his death in He was always active in foreign relations, and instrumental in setting up the historic Nixon-Mao meeting in The huge outpouring of grief at Zhou's funeral demonstrated massive support for his political ethos.
Deng Xiaoping gave the eulogy rather than Mao showing the deep divisions at the top of the party. The small group of mourners that remained were arrested and sent to labor camps. The widespread criticism of the Gang of Four did not go unmarked.
It was not untilwhen Deng Xiaoping assumed power, that Zhou's legacy and achievements were officially acknowledged. Paramount Leader - Hua Guofeng was the Chinese leader during the transitional time between Mao Zedong 's death in and Deng Xiaoping 's rise to power in After serving 12 years under Marshall Zhu De in the Army he moved to take a Communist party role in Hua's competent implementation of the Cultural Revolution in Hunan province gained him Mao 's respect.
In the early s he rose to national power becoming a member of the Politburo and Vice Premier in under Zhou Enlai. After Zhou Enlai 's death Hua became acting Premier. When Deng fell from grace, Mao made him the official Premier. Mao saw him as a loyal supporter who would continue his vision; Mao is believed to have said 'With you in charge, I am at ease'.
When Mao died later in the Gang of Four sought to maintain their positions of power. It was Hua who arrested them and took on the top military and party roles. As Chairman of the People's Republic Hua stopped the worst excesses of the Cultural Revolution and sought reform using the model of a centralized Soviet style planned economy. His plans proved overly ambitious; he was opposed by Deng Xiaoping and by Deng had won the argument within the party and the PLA.
Deng and his supporters did not want to follow Mao's Thought in every way and condemned the Cultural RevolutionDeng had his own vision particularly with regard to market reform. However Hua repudiated his policies after his fall from power. Unlike the sad fate of his predecessor Liu Shaoqionly 12 years before, Hua continued in politics, remaining on the Central Committee until He had one wife and four children.
History will probably judge him as a minor figure who acted as caretaker leader between the more influential figures of Mao and Deng.
His great achievement was to prevent the Gang of Four seizing power on Mao's death and lurching China into more chaos. Paramount Leader - Deng Xiaoping's legacy in China is huge. His strategy of softening and widening the strict Communist message is seen as crucial to China's economic revival in the last 30 years. A key period in Deng's life was spent in France in the s where Chinese men had been used for quasi-military roles in the first World War.
Aged just 16, Deng arrived in France in Decemberwhere he worked in a steel plant on the outskirts of Paris. It was in France that he met Zhou Enlai and other revolutionaries seeking to learn more about the West. While working on trains, in kitchens and in factories his spare time was spent studying western thought and science.
He took to the game of bridge and gradually became involved in Communist party activities. The authorities eventually caught up with him, so in he fled to Moscow to avoid arrest. After a year learning about Russian Communism he returned to China a committed communist with news of amazing political and technological developments in Europe. In he first met Mao Zedong at the Jiangxi Soviet. He took a full and well regarded part in the military campaigns against the Japanese and Nationalists and became Vice Premier to Zhou Enlai in But Deng suffered during Mao's comeback during the Cultural Revolution in He was forced to publicly criticize his failings, and went back to work in a steelworks.
People began to show their support for Deng by displaying small glass bottles — his given name means 'little bottle'. His friend Zhou Enlai helped save Deng from the fate that befell Liu Shaoqi and after the Nixon visit in he was back in power.
His rise faltered when Zhou died in preventing him from becoming Mao's successor. On Deng's return to power in he took China on a new route, after the unsuccessful attempt to transform China into a Marxist state.
He was the first to openly attack Mao's legacy and firmly steer China in a more market driven direction. A convenient way to think of his leadership is that if Mao behaved like God, Deng behaved like an Emperor. Wed 28th Nov Gene edited breakthrough A Chinese scientist has claimed to have created the first gene edited babies at Shenzhen. Although a great technical achievement it raises a lot of ethical issues.
It opens the door to rich people to design their babies - choosing eye, physique and hair color. Most Western countries have strict controls on this sort of research so that it can not lead to live births. The more ethical use of this technology would be to allow the editing out of malfunctioning genes that may prevent parents from risking having a child.
There are also concerns over the unforeseen consequences of editing. The edited DNA would ultimately end mixed into the general population with many possible repercussions. The hospital in China and the government have condemned the work as unwise. Other Chinese researchers have also criticized the work as it casts doubt on all the research as ethically sound. Read all our news stories But Mao came to have doubts about Lin and soon challenged him politically. In Lin was killed in a plane crash while fleeing China after an alleged assassination attempt on Mao.
Until his death, a failing Mao refereed a struggle between those who benefited from the Cultural Revolution and defended its policies, and rehabilitated veterans who believed that the Cultural Revolution had done China serious harm. It seemed for a while that the veterans, led by Deng Xiaoping, had won the day. But the radicals, either by manipulating Mao or by appealing to his basic instincts, regained momentum after Zhou Enlai's death in January Mao chose the more centrist Hua Guofeng to carry on his vision.
His leadership, especially the Cultural Revolution initiative, has been hotly debated. In June the Party Central Committee approved a resolution that criticized Mao's rule afterbut affirmed his place as a great leader and ideologist of the Chinese Communist revolution. From Focus on Asian Studies, Vol. The Asia Society, Zhou Enlai Zhou Enlai was, for decades, one of the most prominent and respected leaders of the Communist movement. Born into an upper-class family, he was drawn into the vortex of Chinese politics during the May Fourth Movement.
In he traveled to Europe on a work-study program in which he met a number of future CCP leaders.
He joined the Party in and returned to China inbecoming the political commissar of the Whampoa Military Academy in Canton during the first united front with the Nationalists. But Zhou was always most prominent during periods in which the CCP reached out to otherwise hostile political forces. After the founding of the People's Republic inZhou became premier of the Government Affairs later State Council and foreign minister.
In he acted as China's bridge to the nonaligned world at the Bandung Conference, and in the same year helped engineer initial contacts with the U. He passed the foreign minister portfolio to Chen Yi in but continued to play an active role in foreign policy.
Zhou supported Mao Zedong in the latter's Cultural Revolution attack on the entrenched Party bureaucracy, and subsequently played a critical role in rebuilding political institutions and mediating numerous political quarrels.
With the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia, Zhou advocated an opening to Japan and the West to counter the Russian threat. That same year Zhou was diagnosed as having cancer, and he began shedding some of his responsibilities, especially to Deng Xiaoping who was rehabilitated in April Zhou was also a strong advocate of modernization, particularly at the Fourth National People's Congress in January Amid radical attacks on him during the Anti-Confucius Campaign, Zhou entered the hospital during and died on January 8, Zhou continued to affect Chinese politics even after his death.
In Aprilthe removal of memorial wreaths placed in Tiananmen Square in Zhou's honor sparked riots that led to the second ousting of Deng Xiaoping. With the purge of the "Gang of Four" in Octoberhis policy of "four modernizations" received the full endorsement of the new leadership. His selected works were published in Decemberand three years later a memorial room for him was established in Mao's mausoleum.
He held prominent positions in the government in the s and s, but he was removed from office and imprisoned during the years of the Cultural Revolution, His family was persecuted.