Crippling Violence: Conflict and Incident Polio in Afghanistan
Only Afghanistan and Pakistan have recorded any cases of polio in Mohammad Ismail Kawusi, Director of Public Relations Department. Pakistan is one of the three remaining countries in the world where poliomyelitis ( polio) is still categorized as an endemic viral infection, the others being Afghanistan and Nigeria. Connection to the Assassination of Osama Bin Laden; Recent government efforts. 3 Factors affecting eradication. Misinformation. Progress and Challenges Fighting Polio in Pakistan and Afghanistan. Thursday, November 21, , pm ET Contact: Media Relations ()
Factors affecting eradication[ edit ] Some of the reasons which affect the eradication of polio are political unrest, poor health infrastructure, and government negligence. The most afflicted areas are those where militants are present and the government lacks absolute control, such as the Federally Administered Tribal Areas. Transmission of the virus from such areas then leads to spread through other parts of the country.
Misinformation campaigns[ edit ] Due to the fact that the vaccines are primarily produced in western countries, militant groups like Tehrik-i-Taliban propagandize that they are made out of pig fat or contain alcohol, the two things that are forbidden in Islam.
Some clerics have also denounced the vaccines. The potential role of Saudi Arabia[ edit ] Some researchers point to the unique role that Saudi Arabia is able to play in the affairs of the Muslim-majority Pakistan, both as the site of the annual Islamic pilgrimage the Hajj and as the seat of formal Islamic authority, in terms of the ability to pass fatwas and shape public opinion.
One possible avenue for the Muslim world to eliminate the polio threat is to have local mosques and community centres promote vaccination, emphasizing that the sanctity of life is foremost in Islam. Poor health infrastructure[ edit ] Pakistan's healthcare system is burdened by poor public-sector funding, an ill-regulated private sector, and a lack of governmental transparency, all of which contribute to limiting the quality of public health services.
Poliomyelitis in Pakistan
Members of the Polio Eradication Committee in Pakistan have also expressed concerns regarding the accountability of the organizations backing the campaign. Since the number of cases began to rise following the raid on the Osama Bin Laden compound, organizations including local health authorities, government workers, WHO, and UNICEF have been asserting blame rather than addressing the public health issues at hand.
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- Crippling Violence: Conflict and Incident Polio in Afghanistan
- Study of polio in Pakistan shows insecurity a barrier to eradication
Staff misconduct is common, where staff members remain absent from duty, fail to run field operations, and divert vaccine for use in private facilities.
Methods We examine the geographical relationship between violence represented by the location of detonated Improvised Explosive Devices and polio incidence by generating maps of IEDs and polio incidence duringand by comparing the mean number of IED detonations in polio high-risk districts with non polio high-risk districts during — Results We demonstrate a geographic relationship between IED violence and incident polio.
Districts that have high-risk for polio have highly statistically significantly greater mean numbers of IEDs than non polio high-risk districts p-values 0.
WHO EMRO | Pakistan | Countries | Polio eradication initiative
Conclusions The geographic relationship between armed conflict and polio incidence provides valuable insights as to how to plan a vaccination campaign in violent contexts, and allows us to anticipate incident polio in the regions of armed conflict. Such information permits vaccination planners to engage interested armed combatants to co-develop strategies to mitigate the effects of violence on polio.PAK-AFGHAN Relations (CSS Regarding)
Background Poliomyelitis, a viral disease spread via fecal contamination of food or water sources, has been a source of death and disability worldwide for millennia. Inglobal paralytic polio incidence was approximatelycases annually [ 1 ].
Inrecognizing the massive global disease burden, the World Health Organization WHO outlined a plan for global eradication by the year [ 2 ].
The subsequent mass immunization campaigns enjoyed tremendous success: While these numbers indicate that eradication of polio is possible, armed conflict has stymied progress in several key regions.