Federal government of Nigeria - Wikipedia
There are presently in Nigeria disputes and controversies concerning the practice of dividing the powers of a government among different branches thereof . .. See Ibraheem Ojo Tajudeen 'Towards a Friction-free Relationship between the. The federal government of Nigeria is composed of three distinct branches: legislative, executive The grant of independence to Nigeria was a milestone in the political history of the country. This period witnessed the consolidation of political. Relationship Between The three Arms of Government - The American government as a democratic government functions under the guidance.
Instead, the concern of the parliamentarians is so far such rule making will bring money to their pockets, it does not matter if it does not have any social implication in the positive on the masses. This as a matter of fact negates the principle of social contract.
This development is a betrayal of hope that was reposed in both the executive and legislative arms of government in this representative government dispensation. A representative government is no longer representative in Africa. The trust is now in shambles. Things fall apart, the centre cannot hold, even the falcon can no longer bear the falconer.
Relationship between the three arms of government - irobot-roomba.info
Second, in terms of appointment, the ideal is that the executive recommend people to the legislature for ratification. But today, this ideal has been unnecessarily influenced. The executive simply give instructions to the parliamentarians on what to do.
And this of course negates what should hold. Thorough and uncompromised interactive methodology that ought to be applied in attesting the credibility of the so called recommended candidates is no more a matter of utmost importance.
Relationship between the three arms of government
With this, people who are not qualified to be in positions of authority are simply imposed on the masses. Then what do we expect. And this is the plight of Africa today. Though it could be redeemed, there are still fundamental issues on ground that must be resolved. One of it is a need to address the behaviours and behavioural patterns of both followership and leadership on the continent.Nigeria's Executive Is More Corrupt Than Any Other Arm Of Government - Legal Practitioner Pt 4
Third, budget ratification is now a matter of bargain. For the parliament in Africa to pass money bill in to law their own pecuniary interest must have been resolved first. If such budget does not make provision for the interest of the parliament, delay tactics are often being put up until such matters of importance are resolved.
- The three arms of government in Nigeria and their functions
This is due to the fact that the executive itself would have taken care of her own selfish interest with over bloated allocations. More of such allocations are witnessed in the recurrent expenditure at the expense of the capital projects. Infact most of the budgetary allocations are a reflection of incompetence and an uncompromised portrayal of a detached government from the people who have no understanding of the needs of the masses.
In this lies the acute underdevelopment and poverty that has taken over in Africa today. Finally, two vital issues, generally, are relevant when talking about prebendal politics in the relationship between the executive and legislative arms of government in Africa. One is the political economy considerations in this relationship and the latter, which is an outgrowth of the former, is the phenomenon of neo-presidentialism which now predominates virtually, the relationship amidst these two arms of government in Africa.
All the foregoing underscores corruption, patronage, nepotism, tribalism, ethnicity, and underdevelopment that afflict Africa today. They represent the contrast that looms over in the nook and cranny of Africa. They indeed undermine governance and democratic consolidation in Africa. The other arm is the judiciary charged with the administration of justice based on equality, equity and integrity. The courts are the grounds through which conflicts are to be resolved and injustices either compensated or punished.
In these solemn corridors of justice civil and criminal proceedings are initiated and the process of establishing guilt or innocence cleverly and impartially established. The court is also charged with the important duty of interpreting the constitution and establishing whether certain statues are constitutional or not. The appointment of judges is however left to the hands of the executive on the confirmation of the legislature.
Federal government of Nigeria
The judiciary is also charged with the duty to protect the rights and freedoms of the American citizens against the exploitation of both the executive and the legislature. In this regard, the court is mandated to provide guidance and authority to the executive on the application of certain statutes that might infringe on the rights of the citizens.
In this regard the court acts as the oversight authority on the excesses of the both the executive and the legislature by putting the interest of the citizens before all else. There are those who feel that oversight over government branches should be left to the masses.
However, such a claim becomes rather untenable since there are no clear mechanisms to identify breach of constitution since most people lack the technical expertise to interpret the constitution. Furthermore, even when such a breach might be on the public domain there are no mechanisms for the public to stop legislation or the enforcement of the same.
There fore, it becomes necessary to allow the court since it has been charged with matters pertaining to the administration of justice and the upholding of the constitution. The court has the technical and legal mandate to interpret the constitution and therefore has the moral authority to rule on matters regarding the constitutionality of matters pertaining to changes or issues related to the constitution Coxe, Opponents of the judicial power of review would seem to be lost in the fallacious belief that the authority of the judiciary to review legislations enacted by congress and senate as an interference of the role of the legislature.
It can be argued if the status of other countries like the U K that bars courts from reviewing primary bills was to be taken into consideration that indeed the judiciary might have exceeded its jurisdiction.
However, it is necessary and the constitution clearly stipulates that any law that is contrary to the constitution is null and void. Therefore, it is simply logical that the judiciary in exercising its role of constitutional interpretation make rulings on the constitutionality of bills passed by the legislative wing of government. This is because law makers might if no oversight exists make laws that are in their favor even if they are in contravention of the constitution.
This is possible since the constitution might be subject to misinterpretation and due to its impartial nature, the judiciary can be trusted to enforce the provisions of constitution against the partisan interests of politicians. The status quo has not always been so since the various arms of government did not infringe on the operations of the other.
The courts oversight on the constitutionality of legislations emanated from the ruling of the case, William Marbury v. James Madison, secretary of state of the United States. However, it is clear that since the three branches serve as one government, they cannot function without relating and providing oversight to each other.
This creates accountability and checks against power abuse which might disadvantage the very people they are sworn in to serve. The legislator serves as an oversight against the executive and so the court must serve as and oversight on the legislature.