Doc Holliday – Deadly Doctor of the American West – Legends of America
IMHO, one of the best lines that Doc said about Wyatt was shown in the movie Tombstone: Turkey Creek Jack Johnson: Why you doin' this, Doc? Doc Holliday: . Wyatt Earp speaking of Doc Holliday. Doc Holliday's This was a terrible blow to the teenager, as his relationship with his mother was very close. Compounding. The friendship of Wyatt Earp and Doc Holliday is one example. on Tombstone had focused on the relationship between Earp and Holliday. in which law and order triumph, and Earp and Holliday go their separate ways.
Rudabaugh eventually joined up with another gang, led by William Bonney, who would become known as Billy the Kid. Dirty Dave spent the last night of his life in Mexico, February 18,when he shot a man he accused of cheating in a card game. Angry friends of the dead man gathered. Rudabaugh was seized, and knives went to work. He had lived a full life of villainy in only 32 years.
Lawman-turned-outlaw John Joshua Webb right got convicted of murder after shooting a man, Michael Kelliher, inside a saloon in Las Vegas, New Mexico Territory, allegedly in self-defense.
He escaped from jail, however, in November with the help of another inmate—his buddy, Dirty Dave Rudabaugh. Around this time, his new acquaintance, Doc Holliday, began the flight that would eventually bring him to Dodge City.
It was Kate Elder who got him out of a serious jam. InKate was performing in a Dodge City dance hall and was probably a part-time prostitute. Though an attractive woman, her nose was a tad prominent; bynewspapers were calling her Big Nose Kate.
Why she was in Fort Griffin, Texas, in January is not known. It may have simply been a place to find work at a time of year when saloon jobs were scarce. She met Doc Holliday there.
Doc Holliday Faces Death
They had quick tempers, a love for alcohol, independence, restlessness and a low regard for life in common. All that and more would be enough to keep them together despite the knock-down, drag-out fights that would impress those who knew them. Doc was the one dealing, and Bailey picked up the discarded cards and looked at them. The former dentist must have been in a mellow mood because he let slide what was a clear violation of Western poker.
But when Bailey continued to do it, Doc warned him, and after a couple of unheeded warnings, he simply raked in the pot without revealing to Bailey if his hand was a winner or not. For Bailey, this was like waving a red flag in front of a bull. Immediately furious, he reached for his gun. Just as it was coming visible above the table, Doc slashed a knife across his stomach. There were witnesses to the incident, so when lawmen arrived, Doc surrendered the knife and cooperated with his arrest.
It was clearly a case of self-defense, as the others in the saloon would testify. Because Fort Griffin did not have a jail, Doc was kept in a hotel room until the judge could be found.
They headed toward the hotel with a long length of rope. Fortunately for Doc, Kate got wind of what was going on. Thinking fast, she set fire to an old shed filled with hay.
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The sudden conflagration and the hectic activity involved in trying to douse the fire slowed the lynch mob enough that Kate arrived at the hotel first, a pistol in each hand. This surely intimidated the guard, who ran off. Kate and Doc commandeered a couple of horses and left town while the fire continued to be fought.
Their destination was Dodge City, Kansas. Lake In a book well received when first published, Lake portrayed Wyatt Earp as a hero—a portrayal that dominated the field for decades.
Holliday was incompatible with the Earp he presented. How could a man as good as Earp be friends with a man as bad as Holliday? Doc Hollidayby John Myers Myers, republished in and The Frontier World of Doc Hollidayby Pat Jahns, republished in These two s books are presented together here because each in its own way, though dated, offers particular insights and different perspectives on the friendship of Holliday and Earp.
She portrayed him as pleasant, in love with his first cousin, Mattie Holliday, embittered by his tuberculosis, and addicted to gambling and alcohol. They probably never understood each other until one day in Pueblo, Colorado, in the late spring of And then they never spoke to each other again. Wyatt became a real person with this book, not just a two-dimensional figure representing either good or evil.
Tefertiller does not belabor the point of their friendship. He does detail the benefits and costs to Earp. The Life and the Legendby Gary L. Roberts The most frustrating part about trying to write a biography of Doc Holliday is that he left so few records of a personal nature.
As a result we see him largely through the eyes of others, most of whom had agendas of their own. In the absence of personal information, an important tool is context, learning as much as possible about the times in which he lived. Context sometimes makes obvious what seemed obscure.
The friendship of Wyatt Earp and Doc Holliday is one example. Storytellers and historians have needed the latter to be a mystery in their efforts to justify or condemn Earp. But understanding 19thcentury attitudes toward male relationships takes away the mystery.
Once healed, Holliday relocated to Fort GriffinTexas. Her nose was a prominent feature. Wyatt Earp was given a temporary commission as deputy U. Earp went to the Bee Hive Saloon, the largest in town and owned by John Shansseywhom Earp had known since he was Shanssey suggested Earp ask gambler Doc Holliday, who had played cards with Rudabaugh. Photo of the interior of the Long Branch Saloon in Dodge City, Kansastaken between and After about a month in Fort Griffin, Earp returned to Fort Clark  and in earlyhe went to Dodge City, where he became the assistant city marshal, serving under Charlie Bassett.
Holliday sought to practice dentistry again, and ran an ad in the local paper: Holliday, Dentist, very respectfully offers his professional services to the citizens of Dodge City and surrounding county during the Summer. Office at Room No.
Where satisfaction is not given, money will be refunded.
During the summer, the two cowboys—accompanied by another two dozen men—rode into Dodge and shot up the town while galloping down Front Street. They entered the Long Branch Saloon, vandalized the room, and harassed the customers. Hearing the commotion, Earp burst through the front door, and before he could react, a large number of cowboys were pointing their guns at him.
In another version, there were only three to five cowboys. In both stories, Holliday was playing cards in the back of the room and upon seeing the commotion, drew his weapon and put his pistol at Morrison's head, forcing him and his men to disarm, rescuing Earp from a bad situation.
In an Dodge newspaper advertisement, he promised money back for less than complete customer satisfaction, but this was the last known time that he worked as a dentist. Miguel Oterowho would later become governor of New Mexico Territorysaid he was present when Holliday walked into the saloon with a cocked revolver in his hand and challenged White to settle an outstanding argument.
White was serving customers at the time and took cover behind a bar, then started shooting at Holliday with his revolver.
During the fight, Holliday shot White in the scalp. But there are no contemporaneous newspaper reports of the incident. Roberts found a record for a Private Robert Smith who had been shot and killed by an "unknown assailant", but Holliday was never linked to the death.
Doc opened a dental practice and continued gambling as well, but the winter was unseasonably cold and business was slow. The New Mexico Territorial Legislature passed a bill banning gambling within the territory with surprising ease.
The ban on gambling combined with extreme low temperatures persuaded him to return to Dodge City for a few months. Accompanied by his common-law wife Mattie Blaylock, his brother Jim, and his wife Bessie, they left for Arizona Territory. Both were striving to be the first to provide rail access to the boom town of Leadville, Colorado.
Doc remained there for about two and a half months. The federal intervention prompted the so-called "Treaty of Boston" to end the fighting. A new town was built up near the tracks and prostitution and gambling flourished there. Army scout Mike Gordon tried to persuade one of the saloon girls, a former girlfriend, to leave town with him. She refused and Gordon stormed outside. He began firing into the building,  and a few hours later, Gordon was found mortally wounded outside.
Some attribute the shooting to Holliday, but no conclusive evidence of who killed Gordon was ever found. While in town, he was fined twice for keeping a gambling device, and again for carrying a deadly weapon. He told Holliday he was headed for the silver boom going on in TombstoneArizona Territory. Holliday and Horony joined Wyatt and his wife Mattie, as well as Jim Earp and his wife and step daughter, and they left the next day for PrescottArizona Territory.
They arrived within a few weeks and went straight to the home of Constable Virgil Earp and his wife Allie. Holliday and Horony checked into a hotel and when Wyatt, Virgil, and James Earp with their wives left for Tombstone, Holliday remained in Prescott, where he thought the gambling opportunities were better.
Some accounts report that the Earps sent for Holliday for assistance with dealing with the outlaw Cowboys. Holliday quickly became embroiled in the local politics and violence that led up to the Gunfight at the O. Corral in October Accused in stagecoach robbery[ edit ] Holliday and Horony had many fights. After a particularly nasty, drunken argument, Holliday kicked her out. They plied Horony with more booze and suggested to her a way to get even with Holliday.
Bob Paulwho had run for Pima County sheriff and was contesting the election he lost due to ballot stuffingwas working as the Wells Fargo shotgun messenger. He had taken the reins and driver's seat in Contention City because the usual driver, a well-known and popular man named Eli "Budd" Philpot, was ill.
Philpot was riding in Paul's place as shotgun when three cowboys stopped the stage between Tombstone and Benson, Arizona and tried to rob it. Philpot and passenger Peter Roerig, riding in the rear dickey seatwere both shot and killed.
Tombstone saloon owner Milt Joyce disarmed Holliday one day when he got into an altercation with fellow gambler Johnny Tyler. Later that day, Holliday heard that Joyce was spreading rumors that Holliday had taken part in the robbery. Drunk, Holliday returned to Joyce's saloon.
He insulted Joyce and demanded his firearm back. Joyce refused and threw him out, but Holliday came back carrying a " revolver " and started firing. Joyce pulled out a pistol and Holliday shot the revolver out of Joyce's hand, putting a bullet through his palm. When Joyce's bartender, Parker, tried to grab his gun, Holliday wounded him in the toe. Joyce picked up his pistol and pistol-whipped Holliday, knocking him out. With the cowboy plot revealed, Spicer freed Holliday. The district attorney threw out the charges, labeling them "ridiculous".
Holliday gave Horony some money and put her on a stage out of town. Corral[ edit ] Main article: Gunfight at the O. He received reports that cowboys with whom they had had repeated confrontations were armed in violation of the city ordinance that required them to deposit their weapons at a saloon or stable soon after arriving in town.
The cowboys had repeatedly threatened the Earps and Holliday.
Fearing trouble, Virgil temporarily deputized Holliday and sought backup from his brothers Wyatt and Morgan. Virgil retrieved a short coach gun from the Wells Fargo office and the four men went to find the cowboys. To avoid alarming citizens and lessen tension when disarming the cowboys, Virgil gave the coach gun to Holliday so he could conceal it under his long coat. Virgil Earp took Holliday's walking stick.
Holliday was boarding at Fly's house and he possibly thought they were waiting there to kill him. Cowboys witnesses testified that Holliday first pulled out a nickel-plated pistol he was known to carry, while others reported he first fired a longer, bronze-colored gun, possibly the coach gun. Holliday killed Tom McLaury with a shotgun blast in the side of his chest. Holliday was grazed by a bullet possibly fired by Frank McLaury who was on Fremont Street at the time.
He supposedly challenged Holliday, yelling, "I've got you now! You're a daisy if you have.