Relationship between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in sport

Balance intrinsic and extrinsic motivation for success

relationship between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in sport

Percept Mot Skills. Oct;(2) Examining the relationship between recreational sport participation and intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and. Extrinsic motivation is 'external': people – in this case athletes – are driven to succeed by factors from outside i.e. money, prizes, acclaim, status, praise. Intrinsic. What is the difference between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation? Extrinsic . For example, "you are so smart" or "you are so good at sports." However, for these.

The role of extrinsic motivation in sports and physical activity

Athletes who are predominantly extrinsically motivated tend to become discouraged when they do not perform to expectations and can experience a downturn in form. Conversely, athletes who are predominantly intrinsically motivated often do not have the competitive drive to become champions. This is because they tend to enjoy mastering the tasks that comprise their chosen discipline, but they lack a strong competitive streak in their personalities.

What we have just said about the combination of extrinsic and intrinsic motives does not hold for young athletes, and in particular prepubescent athletes.

Coaches should be aware that fostering intrinsic motives brings about the best psychological outcomes for children. Coaches and parents should work together to create a positive motivational climate for young athletes.

Research has shown that the motivational climate can be performance oriented, which means focused on social comparison and winning, or mastery oriented, which means focused on self-referenced goals and feelings of competence. The latter type of climate is by far better for young athletes.

relationship between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in sport

They need time to fully master the skills involved in their sport without the pressures of winning and constantly comparing themselves to others. Important lessons for children to learn are that increased effort enhances their performance and that sport is essentially a fun activity.

For adult athletes, high performance levels may be stimulated partly by the tangible rewards that sport provides, but still the emphasis should be on the fun associated with participation.

On balance, it is much more important to be high in intrinsic motivation than to be high in extrinsic motivation. In the long run, extrinsic motivation is only effective when intrinsic motivation is high. Being driven solely by extrinsic motives is not psychologically healthy because the lack of intrinsic rewards can lead you to quit or seriously question your involvement.

Having intrinsic motivation helps you get through dry patches in your career and keeps the emphasis on having fun.

relationship between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in sport

As the old Russian saying advises, you should take time to smell the roses! Write down your ideas on a sheet of paper and study them. Most likely your list includes both intrinsic and extrinsic motives. For example, you might desire fame and fortune through your participation in sport, but at the same time, you may genuinely enjoy being involved in the day-to-day routines of training, strict diet, and competition.

Such a mix of motives is typical of most successful athletes. Now see if you can group your motives under two columns labeled Extrinsic Motives and Intrinsic Motives.

relationship between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in sport

Flow The highest level of intrinsic motivation is known as flow. Flow is typified by complete immersion in an activity to the point that nothing else seems to matter. Hungarian psychologist Professor Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi has led much of the work in this exciting area, which has intrigued sport psychology researchers in recent years.

Flow occurs when there is a perfect match between the perceived demands of an activity and the perceived ability to meet the demands. During flow, you lose self-consciousness and become one with the activity.

  • Balance intrinsic and extrinsic motivation for success

This creates a state in which you are intrinsically rewarded by the movement patterns involved. Flow is seen as the ultimate experience among the sporting community. Flow can enrich your life and make you want to persist at your chosen disciplines with greater intensity. Many interventions designed to promote flow are detailed in later chapters of this book, but we have included some introductory flow exercises here.

You will need a pen and paper to complete them. Create an Immersion Effect Sit down in a place where you are unlikely to be disturbed. Close your eyes and take a few long, slow, deep breaths, inhaling through your nose and exhaling through your mouth until you feel completely relaxed. Recall a time when you were performing at the very peak of your ability, when everything just seemed to click into place. Spend a few minutes trying to recall every detail about that experience.

intrinsic vs extrinsic motivations for athletes

To a layperson, these two types of motivation may sound like polar opposites, but that is not necessarily the case. Internal motivation is often lauded as the single most important factor, necessary for various everyday achievements, because it does not require rewards or enticement to continue along.

It is often believed that extrinsic motivation plays only a secondary role, however, this relationship is rather symbiotic than complementary.

According to the Association for Applied Sport Psychology, in the case of professional athletes, extrinsic rewards may actually strengthen intrinsic motivation. However, it is also important for extrinsic rewards to not become more important than inner motivation and a goal orientated outlook, otherwise there is a risk of losing the feeling of actually being in control of your behaviour.

Extrinsic rewards may also provide the initial push needed to take up a new activity, i. This is exactly where we see the role of Lympo and the LYM token. In our vision, users will receive rewards in the form of LYM tokens for finishing various fitness related challenges and completing personal goals.

Extrinsic vs intrinsic motivation

The tokens will have real, tangible value and the user will be able to spend them for different sports and wellness related goods and services. After all, one last extra push is often the only thing keeping us from changing our lives for the better.

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